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  1. Adjectives are invariable. They do not change their form depending on the gender or number of the noun. Examples:
    • A hot potato.
    • Some hot potatoes.
  2. To emphasise or strengthen the meaning of an adjective use 'very' or 'really', 'quitey'.
    • A very hot potato.
    • Some really hot potatoes.
  3. Adjectives can be in front of the noun or after a verb such as 'be'. Examples:
    • A beautiful girl.
    • That girl is beautiful.
  4. Adjectives are used to modify the noun. Examples: The delicate, intricate, gold and silver statues in the Buddhist temple.


  1. Describe feelings or qualities. Examples:
    • He is a lonely man.
    • They are honest people.
  2. Give nationality. Examples:
    • Pierre is French.
    • Siegfried is German.
  3. Speak more about a thing's characteristics. Examples:
    • A wooden table.
    • The knife is sharp.
  4. Tell about age. Examples:
    • He is a young man.
    • She is an elderly/em> lady.
  5. Speak about size and measurement. Examples:
    • John is a tall man.
    • This is a very long film.
  6. Speak about colour. Examples:
    • Paul wore a red shirt.
    • The sunset was crimson and gold.


  • Adjectives of one syllable
    • Comparative: adj + er
    • Superlative: the + adj + est

  • Adjectives of two syllables ending in -y, -re, le, ow, and some others
    • Comparative: adj + er
    • Superlative: the + adj + est

  • Other Adjectives of two syllables, adjectives of three and more syllables
    • Comparative: more + adj
    • Superlative: the most + adj
      Some examples:
    • tall --> taller, the tallest
    • noisy --> noisier, the noisiest
    • happy --> happier, the happiest
    • modern --> more modern, the most modern
    • famous --> more famous, the most famous
    • important --> more important, the most important
    • expensive --> more expensive, the most expensive

  • Irregular adjectives
    • good --> better - the best
    • bad --> worse - the worst
    • little --> less (=meno) - the least
    • much --> more - the most
    • far --> farther/further - the farthest/the furthest


  • Adjectives ending in 'y' such as happy, pretty, busy, sunny, lucky, replace the y with -i, and -i in the comparative and superlative forms.
  • Some two-syllable adjectives may have both kinds of comparative and superlative forms. The most frequent are: clever, common, gentle, humble, hollow, narrow, polite, quiet, simple, stupid, subtle. (Examples: clever --> cleverer/more clever - cleverest/(the) most clever; common --> commoner/more common - commonest/(the) most common)
  • late has 2 forms with different meanings: later (= più tardi), latter (= il secondo tra 2), latest (= il più recente), last (= l'ultimo rimasto)
  • old has 2 forms: older(= più vecchio), elder (= maggiore tra 2 fratelli o sorelle), the oldest(= il più vecchio), the eldest (= maggiore tra 3 o più fratelli e sorelle)
  • far has 2 forms: further / farther, and furthest / farthest, le forme in "-u" hanno anche il significato di "ulteriore" nel tempo
  • The comparative is followed by "than" that introduces the second term in the comparison
  • The superlative is followed by "of" or "in" (if it is a place or time)

Examples in use

  • A cat is fast, a tiger is faster but a cheetah is the fastest
  • A car is heavy, a truck is heavier, but a train is the heaviest
  • A park bench is comfortable, a restaurant chair is more comfortable, but a sofa is the most comfortable

Comparison of Equality

  • AS + Comparative +AS, to compare people, places, events or things, when there is no difference.
  • Not as...as (OR Not so...as) when there is a difference
  • Peter is as old as John.
  • Richard is as handsome as Robert.
  • Moscow is as cold as St. Petersburg in the winter.
  • Ramona is as happy as Susan.
  • Einstein is as famous as Darwin.
  • A tiger is as dangerous as a lion.
  • He is not as intelligent as she (is).
  • A cat is not as dangerous as a lion.

Comparative and Superlative of Nouns

  • corresponding to the Italian "più": MORE + noun + than
  • corresponding to the Italian "il più": THE MOST + noun + of/in
  • corresponding to the Italian "meno": LESS (singular, with an uncountable noun) + THAN, FEWER (plural, with a countable noun) + THAN.
  • corresponding to the Italian "il meno": THE LEAST (singular, with an uncountable noun) + of/in, THE FEWEST (plural, with a countable noun) + of/in
  • Corresponding to the Italian tanto... quanto (and similar): AS MUCH + uncountable noun + AS.
  • Corresponding to the Italian tanti... quanti (and similar): AS MANY + countable noun + AS.
  • Charlie has more money than Thomas, but John has the most of all.
  • Thomas has less money than Charlie, but Mary has the least of all.
  • Susan has more books than Charlotte, but Kevin has the most.
  • Charlotte has fewer friends than Susan, but John has the fewest.
  • John eats as much food as Peter.
  • They have as many children as us.