There are two forms of the article: definite and indefinite. The articles do not have gender in English (=there are no masculine or feminine articles).
Follow Eamus on Facebook:

Definite Article: THE

The English definite article corresponds to the Italian articles il, lo, la, i, gli, le, l'. Moreover, since in English the "preposizioni articolate" do not exist, it is important to remember that they must be rendered as preposition+article, as in "dello" --> of the.
  • The man. The woman. The boy. The boys.

Omission of the Definite Article

The definite article is not usually used:
  • In front of proper nouns
  • In front of the names of languages
  • In front of meal names
  • In front of titles indicating the name or position of someone
  • After the 's of the possessive.
  • With uncountable nouns
  • In front of proper nouns as names of countries
    • Mount Everest is in the Hymalayas
    • Rice is the main food in Asia.
    • Germany is an important economic power.
    • Rice is the main food in Asia.
    • Victoria Station is in the centre of London.
    • Rice is the main food in Asia.
    • English uses many words of Latin origin.
    • Rice is the main food in Asia.
    • Lunch is at midday.
    • Rice is the main food in Asia.
    • Prince Charles is Queen Elizabeth's son.
    • Rice is the main food in Asia.
    • Dr.Watson was Sherlock Holmes' friend.

The indefinite articles: A, AN

    A is used:
  • before a consonant
  • before "u" and "eu" when they are pronounced similarly to 'you' as in European, university, unit

    AN is used

  • before a vowel
  • before a mute "h" (as in the words: hour, honour, honest, heir and derived words).

When to use A - AN

The indefinite article is used instead of the Italian definite article (or lack of it) before professions, nationalities and religions.
  • He is an Englishman.
  • John is a doctor.
  • He is a Protestant.