Ordinary Verbs: BE, HAVE, DO

BE as an ordinary verb

When 'to be' is used as an ordinary verb, may also have a continuos form to express that someone is acting differently than they usually do.
  • She is thirty seven years old.
  • He isn't an accountant.
  • Are they doctors?
  • Why are you being so difficult?


When do has its own meaning (= fare) rather than a grammatical function as an auxiliary, it is treated as an ordinary verb.
  • She didn't do her homework last night.
  • Does she do the cooking at home?
  • Do you do your homework every night?

HAVE, HAVE GOT, HAVE TO as ordinary verbs

  • When 'to have' means = to own, to possess, and is not accompamied by the emphatic "got", uses the auxiliaries do, does, did.
    • She has got an apartment in Paris.
    • I don't have a car.
    • I haven't got a dog.
    • Do they have a boat?
    • Have they got a cat?
    • Did you have your own room when you were a child?

  • When 'to have' is followed by the infinitive ('to have to') and expresses obligation, necessity; in the negative, lack of necessity.
    • I have to leave now.
    • We do not have to eat here.
    • Does she have to work today?
    • I have to finish this work before 17.00.
    • Do you have to leave tomorrow ?
    • She doesn't have to read that book.

  • When 'to have' means 'to take'.
    • I have a bath every night.
    • She has breakfast at 6.00 o'clock.
    • We don't have lunch at school.
    • Does he have milk with his coffee ?
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