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Cloze Text - The English Language

The English LanguageThe text is a synopsis from Wikipedia of The English Language, especially prepared to maximize learning of English lexicon and structure.
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across = per tutto -- ancestral = originaria -- arose= si sviluppò -- at least= almeno -- became= divenne -- becoming = diventando -- began= iniziò -- billion = miliardo -- borrowings= prestiti -- brought= portati -- close= stretto -- contains = comprende -- countries= paesi -- creoles= creole -- derived = è derivata -- dominant= dominante -- due to= a causa di -- equalled = eguagliò -- extensive = vasta -- fields = settori -- French= il francese -- further= ulteriormente -- fusion= fusione -- global= globale -- growing= crescente -- growth= crescita -- half = metà -- has become= è diventato/a -- has been= si è -- including = compresi -- instances= casi -- kingdom= regno -- knowledge = conoscenza -- language= lingua -- last= ultimo/a -- learned= studiato -- life = vita -- lists= elenca -- major= enorme -- majority= maggioranza -- many= molte -- mark = segnano -- medicine = medicina -- native= nativo/a -- official = ufficiale -- onwards= in poi -- potential= potenziale -- reach= diffusione -- replaced= sostituì -- rise= origine -- roots= radici -- science= scienza -- settlers= abitanti -- since = da -- slang= gergo -- some = qualche -- south-east= sudorientale -- spelling= ortografia -- spoken= parlata -- spread (v)= si diffuse -- spread= diffusione -- status= posizione -- takes = deriva -- termed= denominato -- third= terza -- throughout= per tutto/a -- tongue = lingua -- used= usata -- variety= varietà -- via= tramite -- what = quello che -- words= parole -- world= mondiali
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The English language, which its name from its origins as the native of the people of England, is today the most widely language in the world. It is spoken as a first language by a of the inhabitants of several nations, the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Ireland and New Zealand. It is the most commonly spoken language in the world, after Mandarin Chinese and Spanish. It is widely as a second language and as an official language of the European Union and many Commonwealth , as well as in many organisations.

English is a West Germanic language that in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and into what was to become Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval of Northumbria.

Following the influence of Great Britain and the United Kingdom from the 18th century, the British Empire, and of the United States the mid-20th century, it widely dispersed around the world, the leading international and the lingua franca in regions.

Historically, English originated from the of languages and dialects, now collectively Old English, which were to the eastern coast of Great Britain by Germanic from the 5th century .

The word English was from the name of the Angles, and ultimately from their region of Angeln (in is now Schleswig-Holstein). A significant number of English words have in Latin, which was in form was the lingua franca of the Christian Church and of European intellectual . The language was influenced by the Old Norse language Viking invasions in the 8th and 9th centuries.

The Norman conquest of England in the 11th century gave to heavy from Norman-French, and vocabulary and conventions began to show a relationship with Romance languages to what had now become Middle English.

The Great Vowel Shift - a change in the pronunciation of the English language - that in the south of England in the 15th century is one of the historical events that the emergence of Modern English from Middle English. Owing to the assimilation of from many other languages history, modern English a very large vocabulary. The Oxford English Dictionary over 250,000 distinct words, not including many technical, scientific, or terms.

Modern English, sometimes described as the first lingua franca, is the dominant language or in some even the required international language of communications, , information technology, business, seafaring, aviation, entertainment, radio and diplomacy. Its beyond the British Isles began with the of the British Empire, and by the late 19th century its was truly global. Following British colonisation from the 16th to 19th centuries, it the dominant language in the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.

The economic and cultural influence of the US and its as a global superpower World War II have significantly accelerated the language's spread the planet. English German as the dominant language of science Nobel Prize laureates during the second of the 20th century. English and may have surpassed as the language of diplomacy during the half of the 19th century.

An acceptable of English a requirement in a number of , occupations and professions such as and computing; as a consequence over a people speak English to a basic level. It is one of six languages of the United Nations.

One impact of the of English is the reduction of linguistic diversity in many parts of the world. Conversely, the natural internal of English along with and pidgins have the to produce new distinct languages from English over time.
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The English language, which takes its name from its origins as the native tongue of the people of England, is today the most widely spoken language in the world. It is spoken as a first language by a majority of the inhabitants of several nations, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Ireland and New Zealand.

It is the third most commonly spoken language in the world, after Mandarin Chinese and Spanish. It is widely learned as a second language and used as an official language of the European Union and many Commonwealth countries, as well as in many world organisations.

English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria.

Following the extensive influence of Great Britain and the United Kingdom from the 18th century, via the British Empire, and of the United States since the mid-20th century, it has been widely dispersed around the world, becoming the leading international language and the lingua franca in many regions.

Historically, English originated from the fusion of languages and dialects, now collectively termed Old English, which were brought to the eastern coast of Great Britain by Germanic settlers from the 5th century onwards.

The word English was derived from the name of the Angles, and ultimately from their ancestral region of Angeln (in what is now Schleswig-Holstein). A significant number of English words have roots in Latin, which was in some form was the lingua franca of the Christian Church and of European intellectual life. The language was further influenced by the Old Norse language due to Viking invasions in the 8th and 9th centuries.

The Norman conquest of England in the 11th century gave rise to heavy borrowings from Norman-French, and vocabulary and spelling conventions began to show a close relationship with Romance languages to what had now become Middle English. The Great Vowel Shift - a major change in the pronunciation of the English language - that began in the south of England in the 15th century is one of the historical events that mark the emergence of Modern English from Middle English.

Owing to the assimilation of words from many other languages throughout history, modern English contains a very large vocabulary. The Oxford English Dictionary lists over 250,000 distinct words, not including many technical, scientific, or slang terms.

Modern English, sometimes described as the first global lingua franca, is the dominant language or in some instances even the required international language of communications, science, information technology, business, seafaring, aviation, entertainment, radio and diplomacy.

Its spread beyond the British Isles began with the growth of the British Empire, and by the late 19th century its reach was truly global. Following British colonisation from the 16th to 19th centuries, it became the dominant language in the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.

The growing economic and cultural influence of the US and its status as a global superpower since World War II have significantly accelerated the language's spread across the planet. English replaced German as the dominant language of science Nobel Prize laureates during the second half of the 20th century. English equalled and may have surpassed French as the dominant language of diplomacy during the last half of the 19th century.

An acceptable knowledge of English has become a requirement in a number of fields, occupations and professions such as medicine and computing; as a consequence over a billion people speak English to at least a basic level. It is one of six official languages of the United Nations.

One impact of the growth of English is the reduction of native linguistic diversity in many parts of the world. Conversely, the natural internal variety of English along with creoles and pidgins have the potential to produce new distinct languages from English over time.