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Cloze Text - Rudyard Kipling

Rudyard KiplingThe text is a synopsis from Wikipedia of Rudyard Kipling, especially prepared to maximize learning of English lexicon and structure.
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achieves= raggiunge -- agents= agenti -- announced= pubblicata -- author = autore -- backdrop = scenario -- becomes= diviene -- both= sia -- buried= sepolto -- called= definì -- court= campo -- dead= morto -- earns = guadagna -- empire = impero -- famous = famoso -- few= pochi -- final= finale -- founded= fondato -- funds= finanzia -- has changed= è cambiata -- including= comprendenti -- is given= riceve -- items = oggetti -- journey= viaggio -- known= noto -- legendary= leggendario -- line= verso -- masterpiece= capolavoro -- orphaned= orfano -- plains= pianure -- portrait = quadro -- raised= allevato -- realizes= comprende -- recedes= si allontana -- rejoins= si riunisce -- remains = resta -- revolving= che ruotano -- role= ruolo -- sent= inviato -- should= dovrebbe -- stories= novelle -- subscribers= abbonati -- threads= trame -- to carry= per portare -- to date = a tutt'oggi -- to delete= depennare -- to free= liberare -- to give= per dare -- treat= trattare -- ulcer= ulcera -- used= usato -- virtue= virtù -- was awarded= ricevette -- was read= venne letta -- white= bianco/a -- writer= scrittore -- written= iscritta
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Rudyard Kipling was a British and poet. Born in Bombay, in British India, on 30 December 1865, he is for his works of fiction The Jungle Book (1894), a collection of stories, Kim (1901), a novel, and his poems, Mandalay (1890), and If- (1910).

Kipling was one of the most popular writers in English, in prose and verse, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In 1907, he the Nobel Prize for Literature, making him the first English language to receive the prize, and its youngest recipient.

He died in London of a perforated duodenal on 18 January 1936 at the age of 70, two days before the death of King George V. However, his death had previously been incorrectly in a magazine, to which he wrote, "I've just read that I am . Don't forget me from your list of ." His ashes were in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey.

Kipling's reputation according to the political and social climate of the 20th century. George Orwell him a "prophet of British imperialism". But as the age of the European empires , he is recognized as an incomparable interpreter of the British and an extraordinary narrator.

The Jungle Book (1894) - followed by The Second Jungle Book in 1895 - is a collection of , using animals in an anthropomorphic manner moral lessons. The best-known of them are the three stories around the adventures of an abandoned 'man cub', Mowgli who is by wolves in the Indian jungle. The Jungle Book came to be as a motivational book by the Cub Scouts of the Scouting movement, by Robert Baden-Powell.

Kim (1901) - Considered by many to be Kipling's , "Kim" is a picaresque novel set against the of The Great Game, the political conflict between Russia and Britain in Central Asia. It gives a detailed of Indian people, culture, and religions.

The novel tells the story of Kim (Kimball O'Hara), the son of an Irish soldier and a poor mother. Living a vagabond existence in India, Kim his living by begging, and he is so immersed in the local culture that realise he is a white child. He the disciple of an old Tibetan Lama who is on a quest himself from the "Wheel of Things" by finding the "River of the Arrow", and accompanies him on his . On the way, Kim is recruited by the British a message to the British commander in Umballa.

A chaplain identifies him and Kim is separated from the Lama and to a top English school; the Lama Kim's education and the boy in contact with his Holy Man. After three years of schooling, Kim a government appointment so that he can begin his in the Great Game. Kim the Lama and they make a trip to the Himalayas. Here the espionage and spiritual of the story collide, with the Lama falling into conflict with Russian intelligence . Kim obtains maps, papers, and other important from the Russians. The Lama that his search for the River of the Arrow be taking place in the , not in the mountains. The Lama finds his river and Enlightenment.

Another extraordinarily work by Kipling is his poem "If-", written in 1899, a memorable evocation of traditional British , just like another famous poem, William Ernest Henley's "Invictus". The poem's , "If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster and those two impostors just the same" is on the wall of the centre players' entrance at the British tennis tournament, in Wimbledon. The entire poem in a promotional video for the Wimbledon 2008 gentlemen's by Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal.
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Rudyard Kipling was a British author and poet. Born in Bombay, in British India, on 30 December 1865, he is known for his works of fiction The Jungle Book (1894), a collection of stories, Kim (1901), a novel, and his poems, including Mandalay (1890), and If- (1910).

Kipling was one of the most popular writers in English, in both prose and verse, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In 1907, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, making him the first English language writer to receive the prize, and to date its youngest recipient.

He died in London of a perforated duodenal ulcer on 18 January 1936 at the age of 70, two days before the death of King George V. However, his death had previously been incorrectly announced in a magazine, to which he wrote, "I've just read that I am dead. Don't forget to delete me from your list of subscribers." His ashes were buried in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey.

Kipling's reputation has changed according to the political and social climate of the 20th century. George Orwell called him a "prophet of British imperialism". But as the age of the European empires recedes, he is recognized as an incomparable interpreter of the British empire and an extraordinary narrator.

The Jungle Book (1894) - followed by The Second Jungle Book in 1895 - is a collection of stories, using animals in an anthropomorphic manner to give moral lessons. The best-known of them are the three stories revolving around the adventures of an abandoned 'man cub', Mowgli who is raised by wolves in the Indian jungle. The Jungle Book came to be used as a motivational book by the Cub Scouts of the Scouting movement, founded by Robert Baden-Powell.

Kim (1901) - Considered by many to be Kipling's masterpiece, Kim is a picaresque novel set against the backdrop of The Great Game, the political conflict between Russia and Britain in Central Asia. It gives a detailed portrait of Indian people, culture, and religions.

The novel tells the story of Kim (Kimball O'Hara), the orphaned son of an Irish soldier and a poor white mother. Living a vagabond existence in India, Kim earns his living by begging, and he is so immersed in the local culture that few realise he is a white child. He becomes the disciple of an old Tibetan Lama who is on a quest to free himself from the "Wheel of Things" by finding the legendary "River of the Arrow", and accompanies him on his journey. On the way, Kim is recruited by the British to carry a message to the British commander in Umballa.

A chaplain identifies him and Kim is separated from the Lama and sent to a top English school; the Lama funds Kim's education and the boy remains in contact with his Holy Man. After three years of schooling, Kim is given a government appointment so that he can begin his role in the Great Game. Kim rejoins the Lama and they make a trip to the Himalayas. Here the espionage and spiritual threads of the story collide, with the Lama falling into conflict with Russian intelligence agents. Kim obtains maps, papers, and other important items from the Russians. The Lama realizes that his search for the River of the Arrow should be taking place in the plains, not in the mountains. The Lama finds his river and achieves Enlightenment.

Another extraordinarily famous work by Kipling is his poem "If-", written in 1899, a memorable evocation of traditional British virtue, just like another famous poem, William Ernest Henley's "Invictus". The poem's line, "If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster and treat those two impostors just the same" is written on the wall of the centre court players' entrance at the British tennis tournament, in Wimbledon. The entire poem was read in a promotional video for the Wimbledon 2008 gentlemen's final by Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal.